Executive Summary

Executive Summary

The Nigerian environment is richly endowed with abundant and diverse resources that are vital for the survival, health and quality of life of its active population. The National Environmental Policy is a brilliant document, which provides focus and direction on achieving sustainable development in Nigeria. It looks extensively at the challenges within the environment on one hand and their causes, effects and solutions on the other hand.

In Nigeria, recycling of wastes is still low. Meanwhile waste collection, transportation, compaction and final disposition remain very poor. Also, technology on a daily basis contributes to the change in the composition of municipal wastes. The situation is made worse with insufficient or non-availability of incinerators and mammoth bins in communities and public areas. These factors all contribute to wastes emanating from households, markets, schools, and offices being dumped on streets where they cause environmental degradation and affect air quality.

For instance, it has been observed that major satellite communities within the FCT Area such as Mpape, Nyanya, Jikwoyi, Lugbe, Kubwa, Jabi and so on suffer from mountain-piles of dirt dumped indiscriminately in this communities. These communities usually with their high population densities are vulnerable to disease-outbreaks resulting from the poor state of their environment and also lack of adequate basic sanitary facilities such as latrines, water and other important sanitary infrastructures.

Thus, HABRIN seeks to fill in the gap between the policy and the people. The first part of the commitment includes sensitization visits to relevant stakeholders; planning and implementation of environmental sanitation programmes in communities; as well as the recruiting of Sustainable Environment Champions (SEC’s) in communities to ensure continuity. We intend to advocate for a strict monthly sanitation program where movement is not only restricted but cleaning exercises are carried out and monitored. It is believed that successfully implementation of these steps can spur our long term goals for a better and sustainable African society.

 

 BACKGROUND TO ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES IN NIGERIA

 

Nigeria lies on the west coast of Africa and occupies approximately 923,768 square kilometres of land stretching from the Gulf of Guinea on the Atlantic coast in the south, to the fringes of the Sahara Desert in the north. Nigeria encompasses multiple climatic regimes and various ecological zones that influence the intensity of human activities and this has implications on waste generation patterns, environmental degradation and pollution. With current estimated population of about 193 million people in 2016, Nigeria has witnessed a great leap in human population that has virtually doubled within the last40 years.

This rapid population growth without commensurate provision of infrastructure and services has led to poor urban development, increased incidences of disasters, environmental sanitation (management) characterised by urban slums, overstretched sanitary facilities, generation of enormous waste, and general reduction in the quality of life of Nigerians. Over the years, the poor environmental sanitation condition has contributed significantly to the high prevalence of communicable diseases in the country. Most of these diseases like malaria, cholera, typhoid, diarrhoea, acute respiratory infections, tuberculosis and helminthic infections account for a substantial percentage of morbidity and mortality. Notwithstanding increased efforts by various successive Governments aimed at improving public health and quality of life, basic health indicators have remained poor since the cycle of environment-related diseases remains unbroken.

HABRIN STRATEGY BACKGROUND TO ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES IN NIGERIA

Other Environmental challenges have cropped up as the abuse of the environment has persisted. Such challenges include: Desertification and Drought, Land Degradation, Erosion, Flooding, Deforestation, Land, Air and Water Pollution as well as Trans-boundary Movement of Hazardous Wastes, Second-hand Items and Toxic Chemicals amongst others.

These contribute significantly to heightened poverty, incidences of disease outbreaks as well as communal crises and clashes. Focusing on the environment means reducing, considerably, the aforementioned consequences of environmental degradation. Our Organisation, HABRIN, is committed to protecting and ensuring the sustainability of a good quality environment that is adequate for the good health and well being of present and future generations. The Nigerian environment is richly endowed with abundant and diverse resources that are vital for the survival, health and quality of life of its active population.

The National Environmental Policy is a brilliant document, which provides focus and direction on achieving sustainable development in Nigeria. It looks extensively at the challenges within the environment on one hand and their causes, effects and solutions on the other hand.

Thus, HABRIN seeks to fill in the gap between the policy and the people. The first part of the commitment includes sensitization visits to relevant stakeholders; planning and implementation of environmental sanitation programmes in communities; as well as the recruiting of Sustainable Environment Champions (SEC’s) in communities to ensure continuity.

We intend to advocate for a strict monthly sanitation program where movement is not only restricted but cleaning exercises are carried out and monitored. It is believed that successfully implementation of these steps can spur our long term goals for a better and sustainable African society.

In Nigeria, recycling of wastes is still low. Meanwhile waste collection, transportation, compaction and final disposition remain very poor. Also, technology on a daily basis contributes to the change in the composition of municipal wastes. The situation is made worse with insufficient or non-availability of incinerators and mammoth bins in communities and public areas. These factors all contribute to wastes emanating from households, markets, schools, and offices being dumped on streets where they cause environmental degradation and affect air quality.

For instance, it has been observed that major satellite communities within the FCT Area such as Mpape, Nyanya, Jikwoyi, Lugbe, Kubwa, Jabi and so on suffer from mountain-piles of dirt dumped indiscriminately in this communities. These communities usually with their high population densities are vulnerable to disease-outbreaks resulting from the poor state of their environment and also lack of adequate basic sanitary facilities such as latrines, water and other important sanitary infrastructures.

Therefore, HABRIN is championing a pleasant and hazard-free environment for a healthy living which is a fundamental right of all Nigerians and Africans. Indeed there cannot be a healthy nation without a healthy environment, and this can be achieved by promoting and implementing programmes to ensure better sanitation conditions for all communities.

School Sanitation and Hygiene
School Sanitation and Hygiene

The school environment is an integral part of the social component of the school child’s entire environment and has an important role to play in the overall development status of the child.

Local Scavengers and the SDGs Agenda 2030
Local Scavengers and the SDGs Agenda 2030

In many parts of Africa today, particularly Nigeria, Neighbourhoods keep springing up without proper planning, which also involves planning for drainage and sewage or waste disposal.

Climate Change
Climate Change

Nowadays, environmental issues are receiving attention at global levels and the global communities are continuously making efforts towards ensuring that the world is a better place for human habitation.

Water Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH)
Water Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH)

Universal, affordable and sustainable access to WASH is a key public health issue within international development and is the focus of Sustainable Development Goal 6.

Environmental Degradation in the Niger Delta:
Environmental Degradation in the Niger Delta:

The devastating and alarming dimension of oil spill disasters worldwide, as well as Nigeria especially in the Niger-Delta has generated a compelling need for the development of an Environmental Restoration Plan.

Functional Education and Re-Orientation of Moral Values for Development:
Functional Education and Re-Orientation of Moral Values for Development:

It is a known fact that education is an instrument for socio-political cum economic transformation. Thus, we are committed to quality education for upcoming generations